Investigating the Role of Contract Enforcement and Financial Costs on the Payment Choice: Industry-Level Evidence from Turkey

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TÜRKCAN K., Avsar V.

GLOBAL ECONOMY JOURNAL, vol.16, no.1, pp.135-160, 2016 (ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 16 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1515/gej-2015-0020
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, IBZ Online, EconLit, Sociological abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.135-160
  • Keywords: method of payments, trade finance, contract enforcement, financial costs, post-shipment, pre-payment, Turkey
  • Akdeniz University Affiliated: Yes


This paper examines the effect of legal and financial conditions on the payment contract choice by empirically testing the predictions of Schmidt-Eisenlohr's (2013) model with actual bilateral industry level trade finance data (at 2-digit level) from Turkey. Our results show that an improvement in contract enforcement and an increase in the financing costs in the importing country (exporting country) increases (decreases) the share of post-shipment sales. For the share of pre-payment sales, the opposite effects are estimated. Finally, we find that share of post-shipment sales (pre-payment sales) increases (decreases) in the number of products traded between partners in the past.