Membrane Receptor-Mediated Disruption of Cellular Homeostasis: Changes in Intracellular Signaling Pathways Increase the Toxicity of Ochratoxin A


AYDEMİR M., Yaman İ., KILIÇ M. A.

Molecular Nutrition and Food Research, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/mnfr.202300777
  • Journal Name: Molecular Nutrition and Food Research
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, PASCAL, BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: disruption of cell signaling, hepatocyte growth factor receptor (HGFR), Ochratoxin A (OTA), prolactin receptor (PRLR), transforming growth factor β receptor (TGFR)
  • Akdeniz University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Organisms maintain their cellular homeostatic balance by interacting with their environment through the use of their cell surface receptors. Membrane based receptors such as the transforming growth factor β receptor (TGFR), the prolactin receptor (PRLR), and hepatocyte growth factor receptor (HGFR), along with their associated signaling cascade, play significant roles in retaining cellular homeostasis. While these receptors and related signaling pathways are essential for health of cell and organism, their dysregulation can lead to imbalance in cell function with severe pathological conditions such as cell death or cancer. Ochratoxin A (OTA) can disrupt cellular homeostasis by altering expression levels of these receptors and/or receptor-associated intracellular downstream signaling modulators and/or pattern and levels of their phosphorylation/dephosphorylation. Recent studies have shown that the activity of the TGFR, the PRLR, and HGFR and their associated signaling cascades change upon OTA exposure. A critical evaluation of these findings suggests that while increased activity of the HGFR and TGFR signaling pathways leads to an increase in cell survival and fibrosis, decreased activity of the PRLR signaling pathway leads to tissue damage. This review explores the roles of these receptors in OTA-related pathologies and effects on cellular homeostasis.