Clinical and pathologic prognostic factors that are influential in the survival and prognosis of lung adenocarcinomas and invasive predominant subtypes

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Zeybek A., TORU S., ÖZBUDAK İ. H., SARPER A., OZ N., BOZCUK H., ...More

International Surgery, vol.98, no.3, pp.191-199, 2013 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 98 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.9738/intsurg-d-13-00029.1
  • Journal Name: International Surgery
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.191-199
  • Akdeniz University Affiliated: Yes


Therapeutic approaches to lung adenocarcinomas differ because of their heterogeneous morphologies, prognoses, and clinical features. For this reason, new histopathologic classifications for lung adenocarcinomas were done by the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer/American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society to form subtypes with homogeneous prognoses. There are limited clinical data in the literature on the prognosis of the subgroups formed according to the new classification. A total of 86 patients with adenocarcinoma who had undergone pathologic stages I and II curative resection and mediastinal lymph node dissection were retrospectively analyzed according to the seventh TNM staging system revised by the Union for International Cancer Control/American Joint Committee on Cancer. Histologic subtyping was reassessed according to the dominant histopathologic morphology. When survival rates of lung adenocarcinomas were compared according to their localizations, it was observed that adenocarcinomas localized to the right hemithorax had a longer survival than the ones with left hemithorax localization (P=0.026). When necrosis was taken into account, it was seen that necrosis rate was higher in solid predominant type compared with other types, whereas it was lower in acinary type (P=0.046). When peritumoral lymphovascular invasion data were assessed, it was observed that disease-free survival was influenced in a negative fashion (P=0.018). New histopathologic classification of adenocarcinomas has been a step forward to attaining homogeneous groups, but when the biologic heterogeneity of the adenocarcinomas is taken into account, the authors believe that considering the peritumoral lymphatic vascular invasion, left hemithorax localization, and tumoral necrosis entities in the upcoming TNM classification will contribute to evaluating the prognosis.