Seasonal changes of spatial variation of some groundwater quality variables in a large irrigated coastal Mediterranean region of Turkey

KURUNÇ A., Ersahin S., SÖNMEZ N. K., KAMAN H., UZ İ., UZ B. Y., ...More

SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT, vol.554, pp.53-63, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 554
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.02.158
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.53-63
  • Keywords: Groundwater table depth, Spatial variation, Groundwater electrical conductivity, Nitrate pollution, Geostatistics, Mediterranean, LEACHING HOT-SPOTS, SHALLOW GROUNDWATER, MULTI-TRACER, NITRATE, WATER, IDENTIFICATION, VARIABILITY, GEOSTATISTICS, CONTAMINATION, ADSORPTION
  • Akdeniz University Affiliated: Yes


Soil and groundwater degradations have taken considerable attention, recently. We studied spatial and temporal variations of groundwater table depth and contours, and groundwater pH, electrical conductivity (EC), and nitrate (NO3) content in a large irrigated area in Western Mediterranean region of Turkey. These variables were monitored during 2009 and 2010 in previously constructed 220 monitoring wells. We analyzed the data by geostatistical techniques and GIS. Spatial variation of groundwater table depth (GTD) and groundwater table contours (GTC) remained similar across the four sampling campaigns. The values for groundwater NO3 content, EC, and pH values ranged from 0.01 to 454.1 g L-1, 0.06 to 46.0 dS m(-1) and 6.53-9.91, respectively. Greatest geostatistical range (16,964 m) occurred for GTC and minimum (960 m) for groundwater EC. Groundwater NO3 concentrations varied both spatially and temporally. Temporal changes in spatial pattern of NO3 indicated that land use and farming practices influenced spatial and temporal variation of groundwater NO3. Several hot spots occurred for groundwater NO3 content and EC. These localities should be monitored more frequently and land management practices should be adjusted to avoid soil and groundwater degradation. The results may have important implications for areas with similar soil, land use, and climate conditions across the Mediterranean region. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.