Logistics infrastructure and export survival in European Union countries

TÜRKCAN K., Majune S. K.

EMPIRICA, vol.49, no.2, pp.509-535, 2022 (SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 49 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10663-021-09527-4
  • Journal Name: EMPIRICA
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, IBZ Online, International Bibliography of Social Sciences, ABI/INFORM, Business Source Elite, Business Source Premier, EconLit, Geobase, PAIS International, Political Science Complete, Worldwide Political Science Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.509-535
  • Keywords: Export duration, Export survival, Discrete-time models, Logistics infrastructure, European Union, TRADE FACILITATION, TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE, DURATION, PERFORMANCE, DETERMINANTS, COSTS, BELT
  • Akdeniz University Affiliated: Yes


This study investigates the effects of logistics performance on export survival using a sample of 28 European Union (EU-28) exporters and 70 importers for the 2005-2017 period. We find that the mean duration of EU-28 exports is 2.37 years. Furthermore, the duration is two months longer when partners have higher than average levels of Logistics Performance Index (LPI). Estimates from the discrete-time logit model with random effects indicate that improvements in logistics performance in both the exporting and importing country significantly increase the survival of EU-28 exports. We also find that the "hard" logistics of importers have a greater impact on the duration of EU-28 exports than do those of exporters. Conversely, the "soft" logistics of exporters have a greater effect on the duration of EU-28 exports than do those of importers.