Comparison of mammography behaviors, health beliefs, and fear levels of women with and without familial breast cancer history*


ERDOGAN E., TUZCU A.

WOMEN & HEALTH, vol.60, no.7, pp.776-791, 2020 (SSCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 60 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/03630242.2020.1746949
  • Journal Name: WOMEN & HEALTH
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, IBZ Online, AgeLine, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, Educational research abstracts (ERA), EMBASE, Gender Studies Database, MEDLINE, PAIS International, Psycinfo, Public Affairs Index, Social services abstracts, Sociological abstracts, Violence & Abuse Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.776-791
  • Keywords: Familial breast cancer history, fear, health beliefs, mammography, SELF-EFFICACY SCALE, SCREENING BEHAVIOR, KNOWLEDGE, BARRIERS, RELATIVES, AWARENESS, 1ST
  • Akdeniz University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

This comparative descriptive study compared mammography behaviors, health beliefs, and fear levels of Turkish women aged 40-69 years, who had or did not have a familial breast cancer history (FBCH). The sample included first-degree female relatives (n = 350) of 220 female patients who had received breast cancer treatment at Akdeniz University Hospital and first-degree female relatives of women who did not have a FBCH (n = 300) who had applied to a Family Health Center (FHC) in Antalya. Data were collected between October 2015 and March 2016. The percentage of women who regularly had a mammography was 38% in women with a FBCH and 15.3% in women without a FBCH. Women with a FBCH had higher susceptibility, seriousness, health motivation, mammography self-efficacy perception, and fear of breast cancer, and lower perception of mammography barriers than women without a FBCH. The frequency of having mammography in women with and without a FBCH increased with increased susceptibility perception and was higher in women with a FBCH than in women without a FBCH. Additionally, being single increased mammography screening behavior in those with FBCH. Trainings on screenings should emphasize risks of breast cancer and mammography barriers of the married ones should be reduced.