ULTRASOUND-ASSISTED EXTRACTION OF NATURAL ANTIOXIDANTS FROM THE HAZELNUT SKIN: OPTIMIZATION AND COMPARISION WITH CONVENTIONAL METHOD


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ÖZDEMİR M., torun m.

GIDA, vol.49, no.2, pp.326-341, 2024 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 49 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.15237/gida.gd24025
  • Journal Name: GIDA
  • Journal Indexes: TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.326-341
  • Akdeniz University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

This study focused on extracting antioxidants from hazelnut skin, an industrial food waste, using two different methods: conventional extraction (CE) and ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE). The Response Surface Methodology (RSM) has been utilized using the total phenolic content (TPC) and antioxidant capacity (AC) results as responses in optimizing both method conditions. The independent variables and their levels for the optimal experimental design were adjusted as follows: temperature (50-90°C), time (2-62 min), and loading capacity (5-15%) for CE; and temperature (25-50°C), time (1-30 min), loading capacity (5-15%), and ultrasonic amplitude (20-50%) for UAE. The optimum conditions were determined to be 90°C for 35 min with a 5% loading capacity for CE, and 50°C for 27 min with a 5% loading capacity and 50% amplitude for UAE. The TPC of the extracts were found to be 142.62 mg GAE/g and 129.69 mg GAE/g, while the AC values were 127.02 μmol TE/g and 116.00 μmol TE/g for CE and UAE methods, respectively. In conclusion, it has been demonstrated that hazelnut skin extracts obtained by optimizing CE and UAE methods can serve as natural antioxidant alternatives in food products and may hold significant potential for further applications.